American Chemical Society
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Metallic Corner Atoms in Gold Clusters Supported on Rutile Are the Dominant Active Site during Water−Gas Shift Catalysis

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journal contribution
posted on 2010-10-13, 00:00 authored by W. Damion Williams, Mayank Shekhar, Wen-Sheng Lee, Vincent Kispersky, W. Nicholas Delgass, Fabio H. Ribeiro, Seung Min Kim, Eric A. Stach, Jeffrey T. Miller, Lawrence F. Allard
Au/TiO2 catalysts used in the water−gas shift (WGS) reaction at 120 °C, 7% CO, 22% H2O, 9% CO2, and 37% H2 had rates up to 0.1 moles of CO converted per mole of Au per second. However, the rate per mole of Au depends strongly on the Au particle size. The use of a nonporous, model support allowed for imaging of the active catalyst and a precise determination of the gold size distribution using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) because all the gold is exposed on the surface. A physical model of Au/TiO2 is used to show that corner atoms with fewer than seven neighboring gold atoms are the dominant active sites. The number of corner sites does not vary as particle size increases above 1 nm, giving the surprising result that the rate per gold cluster is independent of size.