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Metabolomic Profiling of Drought-Tolerant and Susceptible Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Genotypes in Response to Drought Stress

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journal contribution
posted on 20.11.2020, 23:13 authored by Srutiben A. Gundaraniya, Padma S. Ambalam, Rukam S. Tomar
Peanut is frequently constrained by extreme environmental conditions such as drought. To reveal the involvement of metabolites, TAG 24 (drought-tolerant) and JL 24 (drought-sensitive) peanut genotypes were investigated under control and 20% PEG 6000-mediated water scarcity conditions at the seedling stage. Samples were analyzed by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS) to identify untargeted metabolites and targeted metabolites, i.e., polyamines and polyphenols by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC–MS/MS), respectively. The principal component analysis (PCA), partial least-squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), heat map, and cluster analysis were applied to the metabolomics data obtained by the GC–MS technique to determine the important metabolites for drought tolerance. Among 46 resulting metabolites, pentitol, phytol, xylonic acid, d-xylopyranose, stearic acid, and d-ribose were important drought-responsive metabolites. Agmatine and cadaverine were present in TAG 24 leaves and roots, respectively, during water-deficit conditions and believed to be the potential polyamines for drought tolerance. Polyphenols such as syringic acid and vanillic acid were produced more in the leaves of TAG 24, while catechin production was high in JL 24 during stress conditions. Seven metabolic pathways, namely, galactose metabolism, starch and sucrose metabolism, fructose and mannose metabolism, pentose and glucuronate interconversion, propanoate metabolism, amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism, and biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids were significantly affected by water-deficit conditions. This study provides valuable information about the metabolic response of peanut to drought stress and metabolites identified, which encourages further study by transcriptome and proteomics to improve drought tolerance in peanut.