American Chemical Society
ae1c00064_si_001.pdf (3.21 MB)

Mesoporous MnCo2O4, NiCo2O4, and ZnCo2O4 Thin-Film Electrodes as Electrocatalysts for the Oxygen Evolution Reaction in Alkaline Solutions

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-02-18, 21:33 authored by Assel Amirzhanova, Nesibe Akmanşen, Irmak Karakaya, Ömer Dag
The oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is the bottleneck of the electrochemical water-splitting process, where the use of porous metal oxide electrodes is beneficial. In this work, we introduce a one-pot synthesis method to fabricate a series of mesoporous metal cobaltite (m-MCo2O4, M = Mn, Ni, and Zn) electrodes for the OER. The method involves preparation and coating of a homogeneous clear solution of all ingredients (metal salts and surfactants) over a fluorine-doped tin oxide surface as a thin lyotropic liquid crystalline film and calcination (as low as 250 °C) to obtain a 400 nm thick crystalline m-MCo2O4 electrode with a spinel structure. Mesophases and m-MCo2O4 films are characterized using structural and electrochemical techniques. All electrodes are stable during the electrochemical test in 1 M KOH aqueous solution and perform at as low as 204 mV overpotential at 1 mA/cm2 current density; the m-MnCo2O4 electrode works at current densities of 1, 10, and 100 mA/cm2 at 227, 300, and 383 mV overpotentials after compensating the IR drop, respectively. The Tafel slope is 60 mV/dec for the m-NiCo2O4 and m-ZnCo2O4 electrodes, but it gradually increases to 85 mV/dec in the m-MnCo2O4 electrode by thermal treatment, indicating a change in the OER mechanism.