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Membrane Active Vancomycin Analogues: A Strategy to Combat Bacterial Resistance

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journal contribution
posted on 12.06.2014, 00:00 by Venkateswarlu Yarlagadda, Padma Akkapeddi, Goutham B. Manjunath, Jayanta Haldar
The alarming growth of antibiotic resistant superbugs such as vancomycin-resistant Enterococci and Staphylococci has become a major global health hazard. To address this issue, we report the development of lipophilic cationic vancomycin analogues possessing excellent antibacterial activity against several drug-resistant strains. Compared to vancomycin, efficacy greater than 1000-fold was demonstrated against vancomycin-resistant Enterococci (VRE). Significantly, unlike vancomycin, these compounds were shown to be bactericidal at low concentrations and did not induce bacterial resistance. An optimized compound in the series, compared to vancomycin, showed higher activity in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infected mouse model and exhibited superior antibacterial activity in whole blood with no observed toxicity. The remarkable activity of these compounds is attributed to the incorporation of a new membrane disruption mechanism into vancomycin and opens up a great opportunity for the development of novel antibiotics.