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Membrane-Enclosed Sorptive Coating. An Integrative Passive Sampler for Monitoring Organic Contaminants in Water

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journal contribution
posted on 04.10.2001, 00:00 by Branislav Vrana, Peter Popp, Albrecht Paschke, Gerrit Schüürmann
An integrative sampler that consists of a bar coated with poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) enclosed in a dialysis membrane bag has been developed combining the advantages of the passive sampling approach with solventless preconcentration of organic solutes from aqueous matrixes and subsequent desorption of the sequestered analytes on-line with a capillary GC/MS system. The performance of the sampler was tested for integrative sampling of hydrophobic persistent organic pollutants including γ-hexachlorocyclohexane, hexachlorobenzene, 2,2‘-bis(4-chlorophenyl)-1,1‘-dichloroethylene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and polychlorinated biphenyls in the laboratory in a continuous-flow system. Linear uptake of all test analytes during exposure periods up to one week has been observed, and concentration proportionality of response of the sampler has been demonstrated. Over the range of controlled laboratory conditions, the magnitude of sampling rate values varied from 47 to 700 μL h-1 per sampler. The uptake rate of chemicals was dependent on their molecular mass, as well as on the partition coefficient between the PDMS and water. A decrease in sampling rates with decreasing water temperature was observed. The sampling device has the potential to detect low aqueous concentrations (ng to pg L-1) of test substances.