American Chemical Society
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Mechanochromic and Single-Molecule Magnetic Properties of a Rhodamine 6G Dy(III) Complex

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-02-24, 13:37 authored by Mei-Jiao Liu, Zhi-Yuan Fu, Rong Sun, Juan Yuan, Cai-Ming Liu, Bo Zou, Bing-Wu Wang, Hui-Zhong Kou
Mechanochromic luminescent materials have attracted considerable attention because of their interesting color switching behavior under mechanical grinding or hydrostatic pressure. Here, the intriguing Dy­(III) complex [Dy­(L-c)2(MeOH)2]­ClO4·Et2O·H2O·0.5MeOH (1) (HL-c = ring-closed form of rhodamine 6G salicylaldehyde hydrazone) with mechanochromic luminescent behavior was synthesized using the non-mechanochromic HL-c ligand. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first example of a mechanochromic luminescent material where mechanochromism is realized by formation of a lanthanide complex. Complex 1 shows a color change from yellow to red under gentle grinding, and the color can be reversed under a methanol atmosphere. Moreover, the color change can alternatively be triggered by hydrostatic force. These behaviors indicate that the spirolactam C–N bond in the rhodamine 6G moiety breaks under external stimuli to afford the fluorescent ring-opened xanthene. Cleavage of the C–N bond in 1 is verified by density functional theory calculations. Complex 1 also shows slow relaxation of magnetization below 6 K, which is typical of a field-induced single-molecule magnet.