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Mechanochemical-Cascaded C–N Cross-Coupling and Halogenation Using N‑Bromo- and N‑Chlorosuccinimide as Bifunctional Reagents

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journal contribution
posted on 23.08.2021, 13:05 by Shyamal Kanti Bera, Prasenjit Mal
Exploration of alternative energy sources for chemical transformations has gained significant interest from chemists, and mechanochemistry is one of those sources. Herein, we report the use of N-bromosuccinimides (NBS) and N-chlorosuccinimides (NCS) as bifunctional reagents for a cascaded C–N bond formation and subsequent halogenation reactions. Under the solvent-free mechanochemical (ball-milling) conditions, the synthesis of a wide range of phenanthridinone derivatives from N-methoxy-[1,1′-biphenyl]-2-carboxamides is accomplished. During the reactions, NBS and NCS first assisted the oxidative C–N coupling reaction and subsequently promoted a halogenation reaction. Thus, the role of NBS and NCS was established to be bifunctional. Overall, a mild, solvent-free, convenient, one-pot, and direct synthesis of various bromo- and chloro-substituted phenanthridinone derivatives was achieved.