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Mechanistic Studies of the Tellurium(II)/Tellurium(IV) Redox Cycle in Thiol Peroxidase-like Reactions of Diorganotellurides in Methanol

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journal contribution
posted on 27.03.2003, 00:00 by Youngjae You, Khalid Ahsan, Michael R. Detty
Di-n-hexyl telluride (2), di-p-methoxyphenyl telluride (3), and (S)-2-(1-N,N-dimethylaminoethyl)phenyl phenyl telluride (4) catalyzed the oxidation of PhSH to PhSSPh with H2O2 in MeOH. Telluride 2 displayed greater rate acceleration than the diaryltellurides 3 and 4 as determined by the initial velocities, v0, for the rate of appearance of PhSSPh determined at 305 nm by stopped-flow spectroscopy. Rate constants for the oxidation of tellurides 24 (kox), rate constants for the introduction of PhSH as a ligand to the Te(IV) center (kPhSH) of oxidized tellurides 57, and thiol-independent (k1) and thiol-dependent (k2) rate constants for reductive elimination at Te(IV) in oxidized tellurides 57 were determined using stopped-flow spectroscopy. Oxidation of the Te atom of the electron-rich dialkyl telluride 2 was more rapid than oxidation of diaryl tellurides 3 and 4. The dimethylaminoethyl substituent of 4, which acts as a chelating ligand to Te(IV), did not affect kox. Values of kPhSH for the introduction of PhSH to oxidized dialkyl tellurane 5 and oxidized diaryl tellurane 6 were comparable in magnitude, while the chelating dimethylaminoethyl ligand of oxidized telluride 7 diminished kPhSH by a fator of 103. Reductive elimination by both first-order, thiol-independent (k1) and second-order, thiol-dependent (k2) pathways was slower from dialkyl Te(IV) species derived from 2 than from diaryl Te(IV) species derived from 3. The chelating dimethylaminoethyl ligand of Te(IV) species derived from 4 diminished k1 by a factor of 50 and k2 by a factor of 3 (relative to the 3-derived species).