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Mechanistic Insight from a Volume Profile for Electron Transfer between Promazine and Hexaaquairon(III)

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journal contribution
posted on 03.07.2002, 00:00 by Joanna Wiśniewska, Rudi van Eldik
The kinetics of the outer-sphere electron-transfer reaction between promazine (dimethyl-(3-phenothiazin-10-yl-propyl)-amine) and hexaaquairon(III) was studied using a high-pressure stopped-flow technique. The effect of pressure (over the range 0.1−130 MPa at 25 °C and ionic strength 1.0 M) on the reaction rate in aqueous perchloric acid solution resulted in volumes of activation of −6.2 ± 0.4 and −12.5 ± 0.5 cm3 mol-1 for the forward and reverse processes, respectively. The effect of pressure on the overall equilibrium constant revealed a reaction volume of +5.0 ± 0.2 cm3 mol-1. The reported volume profile reveals mechanistic information on the electron-transfer process in terms of volume changes along the reaction coordinate. The volume of activation for the promazine/promazine+• self-exchange reaction was calculated on the basis of the Marcus cross relationship.