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Mechanisms of Elemental Mercury Transformation on α‑Fe2O3(001) Surface from Experimental and Theoretical Study: Influences of HCl, O2, and SO2

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journal contribution
posted on 18.11.2016, 00:00 by Ting Liu, Lucheng Xue, Xin Guo, Jia Liu, Yu Huang, Chuguang Zheng
The reaction mechanisms of a mixture gas of HCl, O2, and SO2 in Hg0 adsorption on α-Fe2O3(001) surface are clarified by a group of adsorption experiments and theoretical calculations based on the density functional theory. The role of O2 in removing Hg0 is greatly influenced by the reaction temperature, meanwhile, the O atom coverage could affect the adsorption performance of Hg0. The dissociated O2 competes with the active sites of Cl species on Fe surface at low temperature, however, at medium temperature HCl and O2 could simultaneously facilitate the Hg0 transformation. Combined with the theoretical calculations, the role of SO2 and the probable pathways in removing Hg0 are discussed. Lower concentration of SO2 as well as HCl could dissociate on α-Fe2O3(001) surface, and the intermediates combine with gaseous Hg0, forming mercury–sulfur, mercury–chlorine compounds, and so forth. In addition, the different concentrations of SO2 are also discussed, and the corresponding X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis on contrasted samples is conducted to research the morphological characterization, providing a reliable basis for judging the probable pathways of Hg0 transformation.