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Mechanically Linked Polycarbonate

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journal contribution
posted on 30.01.2003, 00:00 authored by Charles-André Fustin, Christian Bailly, Guy J. Clarkson, Philippe De Groote, Trent H. Galow, David A. Leigh, Duncan Robertson, Alexandra M. Z. Slawin, Jenny K. Y. Wong
The synthesis, by solid-state copolymerization, and characterization of the first polycatenanes based on a commercial polymer are reported. Various amounts of a benzylic amide [2]catenane, the corresponding macrocycle, and a rigid bisphenol fluorene derivative have been quantitatively and homogeneously incorporated into bisphenol A polycarbonate. The resulting copolymers were characterized by size exclusion chromatography coupled with viscosimetry, 1H NMR, differential scanning calorimetry, and dynamic mechanical analysis. The unexpectedly small influence of [2]catenane incorporation on the glass transition temperature of the copolymers points to remarkable internal mobility of the catenane comonomer rings. A new relaxation linked to the flexible catenane units is also observed. The studies represent a detailed structural characterization of a polymer containing small amounts of mechanical linkages in its backbone and demonstrate that significant effects can be induced by doping conventional polymers with small percentages (2−6% of repeat units) of flexible catenanes.