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Mechanically Durable, Highly Conductive, and Anticorrosive Composite Fabrics with Excellent Self-Cleaning Performance for High-Efficiency Electromagnetic Interference Shielding

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journal contribution
posted on 07.03.2019, 19:34 by Junchen Luo, Ling Wang, Xuewu Huang, Bei Li, Zheng Guo, Xin Song, Liwei Lin, Long-Cheng Tang, Huaiguo Xue, Jiefeng Gao
Metal-based materials have been widely used for the electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding due to their excellent intrinsic conductivity. However, their high density, poor corrosion resistance, and poor flexibility limit their further application in aerospace and flexible electronics. Here, we reported a facile means to prepare lightweight, mechanically durable, superhydrophobic and conductive polymer fabric composites (CPFCs) with excellent electromagnetic shielding performance. The CPFC could be fabricated by three steps: (1) the polypropylene (PP) fabric was coated by a polydopamine (PDA) layer; (2) PP/PDA adsorbed the Ag precursor that was then chemically reduced to Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs); (3) PP/PDA/AgNPs fabrics were modified by one layer of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS). The contact angle (CA) of the CPFCs could reach ∼152.3° while the sliding angle (SA) was as low as ∼1.5°, endowing the materials with excellent self-cleaning performance. Thanks to the extremely high conductivity of 81.2 S/cm and the unique porous structure of the fabric, the CPFC possessed outstanding EMI shielding performance with the maximum shielding effectiveness (SE) of 71.2 dB and the specific shielding effectiveness (SSE) of 270.7 dB cm3 g–1 in the X band. The interfacial adhesion is remarkably improved owing to the PDMS layer, and the superhydrophobicity, conductivity and EMI SE of CPFCs are almost maintained after cyclic abrasion and winding test. Also, the CPFCs can be used in a harsh environment, due to their excellent water proof property.