American Chemical Society
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Manipulating the Activity and Thermal Compatibility of NdBaCoFeO5+δ Cathodes for Intermediate-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells via Fluorine Doping

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-01-06, 05:29 authored by Rui Guan, Zhen Wang, Huan Xu, Xiaohui Hao, Lei Yang, Jincheng Liu, Shenglong Yu, Tianmin He
The use of LnBaCo2O5+δ (Ln = rare earth) cathodes in intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs) is limited by their high thermal expansion coefficients (TECs). Unfortunately, the electrocatalytic activity of LnBaCo2O5+δ cathodes is also decreased significantly while reducing the TECs. Here, we report the simultaneous enhancement of the oxygen-reduction activity and thermal expansion compatibility of the NdBaCoFeO5+δ (NBCF) double-perovskite cathode for IT-SOFCs via fluorine doping at the oxygen sites, that is, NdBaCoFeO5+δ‑xFx (NBCFFx, x = 0.05 and 0.10). The maximum power density of the single cell with a configuration of NiO–Ce0.8Sm0.2O2/Ce0.8Sm0.2O2/La0.9Sr0.1Ga0.8Mg0.2O3−δ/NBCFF0.05 attains 504 mW cm–2 at 700 °C in dry H2. Compared with the pristine NBCF, the polarization resistances of NBCFF0.05 are down by 18.9, 17.0, 13.9, and 10.5% from 650 to 800 °C with an interval of 50 °C, respectively, while the average TEC is decreased by 3.6%. Based on the analysis of distribution of relaxation time from impedance data, the oxygen surface exchange and bulk diffusion are the rate-limiting steps in the oxygen-reduction reaction, which can be improved by fluorine doping. Our results suggest that the fluorine doping at oxygen sites shows a better ability to promote the performance of the cathode material in IT-SOFCs.