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Magnetic and 57Fe Mössbauer Study of the Single Molecule Magnet Behavior of a Dy3Fe7 Coordination Cluster

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journal contribution
posted on 05.10.2009, 00:00 by Ghulam Abbas, Yanhua Lan, Valeriu Mereacre, Wolfgang Wernsdorfer, Rodolphe Clérac, Gernot Buth, Moulay T. Sougrati, Fernande Grandjean, Gary J. Long, Christopher E. Anson, Annie K. Powell
The reaction between N-methydiethanolamine (mdeaH2), benzoic acid, FeCl3, and DyCl3 yields a decanuclear coordination cluster, [Dy3Fe74-O)23-OH)2(mdea)7(μ-benzoate)4(N3)6]·2H2O·7CH3OH (1) whose single crystal structure exhibits three and seven crystallographically distinct Dy(III) and Fe(III) ions; six of the Fe(III) ions are pseudo-octahedrally coordinated, whereas the seventh has a trigonal-bipyramidal coordination geometry. Both direct current (dc) and alternating current (ac) magnetic susceptibility studies indicate that, upon cooling, intracluster antiferromagnetic interactions are dominant in 1, yielding a ferrimagnetic spin arrangement. The out-of-phase (χ′′) ac susceptibility reveals that 1 undergoes a slow relaxation of its magnetization mainly resulting from the anisotropy of the Dy(III) ions. This slow relaxation has been confirmed both by magnetization measurements on an oriented single crystal of 1 and by the observation of hysteresis loops below 1.9 K. The macroscopic magnetic studies yield an effective energy barrier, Ueff, of 33.4 K for this relaxation, a barrier that is the highest yet reported for a lanthanide(III)-Fe(III) single molecule magnet. The 57Fe Mössbauer spectra of 1 obtained between 3 and 35 K are consistent with the presence of Fe(III) intracluster antiferromagnetic coupling with slow magnetic relaxation relative to the Larmor precession time, thus confirming, on a microscopic scale, the presence of a barrier to the magnetic relaxation below 35 K. Between 55 and 295 K the Mössbauer spectra reveal paramagnetic behavior with six partially resolved quadrupole doublets, one for the trigonal-bipyramidal Fe(III) site and five for the six pseudo-octahedral Fe(III) sites.