American Chemical Society
am8b15785_si_001.pdf (3.57 MB)

Machine-Learning Identification of the Sensing Descriptors Relevant in Molecular Interactions with Metal Nanoparticle-Decorated Nanotube Field-Effect Transistors

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journal contribution
posted on 2018-12-14, 00:00 authored by Long Bian, Dan C. Sorescu, Lucy Chen, David L. White, Seth C. Burkert, Yassin Khalifa, Zhenwei Zhang, Ervin Sejdic, Alexander Star
Carbon nanotube-based field-effect transistors (NTFETs) are ideal sensor devices as they provide rich information regarding carbon nanotube interactions with target analytes and have potential for miniaturization in diverse applications in medical, safety, environmental, and energy sectors. Herein, we investigate chemical detection with cross-sensitive NTFETs sensor arrays comprised of metal nanoparticle-decorated single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs). By combining analysis of NTFET device characteristics with supervised machine-learning algorithms, we have successfully discriminated among five selected purine compounds, adenine, guanine, xanthine, uric acid, and caffeine. Interactions of purine compounds with metal nanoparticle-decorated SWCNTs were corroborated by density functional theory calculations. Furthermore, by testing a variety of prepared as well as commercial solutions with and without caffeine, our approach accurately discerns the presence of caffeine in 95% of the samples with 48 features using a linear discriminant analysis and in 93.4% of the samples with only 11 features when using a support vector machine analysis. We also performed recursive feature elimination and identified three NTFET parameters, transconductance, threshold voltage, and minimum conductance, as the most crucial features to analyte prediction accuracy.