MOSAIC: A Modular Single-Molecule Analysis Interface for Decoding Multistate Nanopore Data
journal contributionposted on 31.10.2016, 00:00 by Jacob H. Forstater, Kyle Briggs, Joseph W. F. Robertson, Jessica Ettedgui, Olivier Marie-Rose, Canute Vaz, John J. Kasianowicz, Vincent Tabard-Cossa, Arvind Balijepalli
Biological and solid-state nanometer-scale pores are the basis for numerous emerging analytical technologies for use in precision medicine. We developed Modular Single-Molecule Analysis Interface (MOSAIC), an open source analysis software that improves the accuracy and throughput of nanopore-based measurements. Two key algorithms are implemented: ADEPT, which uses a physical model of the nanopore system to characterize short-lived events that do not reach their steady-state current, and CUSUM+, a version of the cumulative sum statistical method optimized for longer events that do. We show that ADEPT detects previously unreported conductance states that occur as double-stranded DNA translocates through a 2.4 nm solid-state nanopore and reveals new interactions between short single-stranded DNA and the vestibule of a biological pore. These findings demonstrate the utility of MOSAIC and the ADEPT algorithm, and offer a new tool that can improve the analysis of nanopore-based measurements.