Luminescent Transparent Wood Based on Lignin-Derived Carbon Dots as a Building Material for Dual-Channel, Real-Time, and Visual Detection of Formaldehyde Gas
journal contributionposted on 28.07.2020, 14:33 by Yushan Liu, Haiyue Yang, Chunhui Ma, Sha Luo, Mingcong Xu, Zhenwei Wu, Wei Li, Shouxin Liu
Formaldehyde (FA) is a widespread indoor air pollutant, and its efficient detection is a major industrial challenge. The development of a building material with real-time and visual self-detection of FA gas is highly desirable for meeting both construction and human health demands. Herein, a luminescent transparent wood (LTW) as the building material was developed for dual-channel, real-time, and visual detection of FA gas. It was fabricated by encapsulating multicolor lignin-derived carbon dots (CDs) and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) into a delignified wood framework. It exhibited 85% optical transmittance, tunable room-temperature phosphorescence (RTP), and ratiometric fluorescence (FL) emission. The tunable luminescence was attributed to different CD graphitization and surface functionalization. The color-responsive ratiometric FL and delayed RTP detections of FA were displayed over the range of 20–1500 μM (R2 = 0.966, LOD = 1.08 nM) and 20–2000 μM (R2 = 0.977, LOD = 45.8 nM), respectively. The LTW was also used as an encapsulation film on a UV-emitting InGaN chip to form white light-emitting diodes, indicating the feasibility as an FA-responsive planar light source. The operational notion of functional LTW can expand its applications to new fields such as a stimuli-responsive light-transmitting window or planar light sources while monitoring indoor air pollutants, temperature, and humidity.