Luminescence and Cationic-Size-Driven Site Selection of Eu3+ and Ce3+ Ions in Ca8Mg(SiO4)4Cl2
journal contributionposted on 14.11.2018, 00:00 by Weijie Zhou, Yiyi Ou, Xiaohui Li, Mikhail G. Brik, Alok M. Srivastava, Ye Tao, Hongbin Liang
In this work, the morphology, composition, crystal, and electronic structure of Ca8Mg(SiO4)4Cl2 (CMSOC) prepared by a high-temperature solid-state reaction technique are characterized first. To investigate the site occupancies of Eu3+ and Ce3+ in CMSOC, the emission spectra under well-chosen wavelength excitations and the corresponding excitation spectra by monitoring of the specific wavelength emissions are measured in detail for singly doped samples with different concentrations. Two kinds of Eu3+ or Ce3+ luminescence spectra are found. On the basis of the chemical environments of two Ca2+ sites and dielectric chemical bond theory, the sites of these two kinds of Eu3+ and Ce3+ luminescence spectra are respectively assigned. Because energy transfer between the two types of luminescent centers, concentration-dependent emission-wavelength shifting, and luminescence concentration quenching are negligible, the emission spectra of Eu3+ and Ce3+ give us a hint of their occupation preferences on two Ca2+ sites. The results indicate that, with an increase of the doping concentration, the Eu3+ ions with smaller cationic size show an occupation preference on the smaller Ca2+(1) sites, but the Ce3+ ions with larger cationic size are inclined to enter the larger Ca2+(2) sites. These opposite occupation preferences of Eu3+ and Ce3+ in CMSOC are thought to be the cationic-size-driven site selection.