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Luminescence Techniques and Characterization of the Morphology of Polymer Latices. 3. An Investigation of the Microenvironments within Stabilized Aqueous Latex Dispersions of Poly(n-butyl methacrylate) and Polyurethane

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journal contribution
posted on 20.06.2006, 00:00 by I. Soutar, L. Swanson, T. Annable, J. C. Padget, R. Satgurunathan
Fluorescence techniques (including time-resolved anisotropy measurements, TRAMS) have been used to probe differences in morphology between two stabilized aqueous latex dispersions (poly(n-butyl methacrylate), PBMA, and polyurethane, PU). Use of the emission characteristics of probes such as pyrene and phenanthrene dispersed within particles reveals that the PU latices are more heterogeneous in nature:  evidence exists, particularly from quenching measurements and TRAMS, that voids and channels of water permeate the PU structure, resulting in a relatively soft, open particle, swollen by ingress of the bulk aqueous phase. Fluorescence measurements indicate that PBMA colloids, however, are composed of relatively hard, hydrophobic particles. In addition, TRAMS are considered to be a valuable tool both for probing the morphological characteristics of such dispersions and in estimating the average particle size.