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Low-Temperature Synthesis of Amorphous FeP2 and Its Use as Anodes for Li Ion Batteries

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journal contribution
posted on 28.03.2012, 00:00 by Justin W. Hall, Nellymar Membreno, Jing Wu, Hugo Celio, Richard A. Jones, Keith J. Stevenson
The reaction of Fe­(N­(SiMe3)2)3 with PH3 in THF at 100 °C gives amorphous FeP2 in high yield. As an anode material in a Li ion battery, this material shows remarkable performance toward electrochemical lithiation/delithation, with gravimetric discharge and charge capacities of 1258 and 766 mA h g–1, respectively, translating to 61% reversibility on the first cycle and a discharge capacity of 906 mA h g–1 after 10 cycles. This translates to 66% retention of the theoretical full conversion capacity of FeP2 (1365 mA h g–1).