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Low-Temperature Preparation of Tailored Carbon Nanostructures in Water

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journal contribution
posted on 09.05.2012, 00:00 by Ruth Szilluweit, Tobias N. Hoheisel, Martin Fritzsche, Bernt Ketterer, Anna Fontcuberta i Morral, Davide Demurtas, Vincent Laporte, René Verel, Sreenath Bolisetty, Raffaele Mezzenga, Holger Frauenrath
The development of low-temperature carbonization procedures promises to provide novel nanostructured carbon materials that are of high current interest in materials science and technology. Here, we report a “wet-chemical” carbonization method that utilizes hexayne amphiphiles as metastable carbon precursors. Nearly perfect control of the nanoscopic morphology was achieved by self-assembly of the precursors into colloidal aggregates with tailored diameter in water. Subsequent carbonization furnished carbon nanocapsules with a carbon microstructure resembling graphite-like amorphous carbon materials.