American Chemical Society
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Low-Coordinate Organoyttrium Complexes Supported by β-Diketiminato Ligands

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journal contribution
posted on 2009-05-25, 00:00 authored by Alyson L. Kenward, Warren E. Piers, Masood Parvez
Several organoyttrium complexes stabilized by β-diketiminato ligands (Ar)NC(R)CHC(R)N(Ar) (Ar = 2,6-iPr2C6H3; R = CH3 (ligand a), R = iBu (ligand b)) have been prepared. Ligand-supported yttrium diiodides LYI2(THF)n were alkylated with organolithium or potassium reagents, yielding low-coordinate bis-alkyl derivatives. Several of these compounds have been characterized by X-ray crystallography, and a discussion of these structures in comparison to similar scandium complexes is presented. An out-of-plane bonding mode is observed in the solid state, analogous to that seen in scandium bis-alkyls, and spectroscopic studies reveal that fluxional behavior in solution is also comparable to that observed for the scandium species. The bis-alkyls LYR2 are susceptible to metalative alkane elimination at room temperature in solution. Activation of (Liga)YR2 with [HNMe2Ph][B(C6F5)4] generates alkyl cations stabilized with η6-arene-bound NMe2Ph. This unique coordination mode was studied via 1D 1H, 13C, and 15N NMR and 2D ROESY spectroscopy and appears to stabilize the alkyl cations against metalative alkane elimination.