American Chemical Society
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Long-Range Ferromagnetic Exchange Interactions Mediated by Mn–CeIV–Mn Superexchange Involving Empty 4f Orbitals

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journal contribution
posted on 2020-06-23, 16:07 authored by Sayak Das Gupta, Robert L. Stewart, Dian-Teng Chen, Khalil A. Abboud, Hai-Ping Cheng, Stephen Hill, George Christou
Reactions involving reductive aggregation of MnO4 in methanol in the presence of CeIV and an excess of carboxylic acid have led to the synthesis of structurally related Ce/Mn clusters, [Ce3Mn5O8(OMe)­(O2CBut)13(MeOH)] (1) and [Ce2Mn3O5(O2CPh)9(MeOH)3] (2), containing at least one {Mn2Ce2O4} cubane unit. The cores of both clusters contain Mnx units separated by three (1) or two (2) CeIV ions. Fits of variable-temperature, solid-state dc and ac magnetic susceptibility data reveal dominant ferromagnetic interactions within 1 and 2, resulting in the maximum S = 17/2 and S = 5 ground state spins, respectively, and thus suggesting significant ferromagnetic (F) interactions between the Mnx units that are ≥6 Å apart and separated by four intervening bonds through diamagnetic CeIV. Fits of magnetic susceptibility data also revealed unusual long-range F interactions, and this finding was further supported by high-field EPR measurements and simulations. Density functional theory calculations and a Wannier function analysis confirm long-range interactions and indicate a Mn–Ce–Mn superexchange pathway via Mn-d/Ce-f orbital overlap/hybridization