American Chemical Society
bi2c00342_si_001.pdf (3.28 MB)

Local Alteration of Ionic Strength in a Nucleosome Core Particle and Its Effect on N7‑Methyl-2′-deoxyguanosine Depurination

Download (3.28 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 2022-09-22, 17:33 authored by Tingyu Wen, Kun Yang, Marc M. Greenberg
Positively charged N-terminal histone tails play important roles in maintaining the nucleosome (and chromatin) structure and function. Charge alteration, including those imposed by post-translational modifications, impacts chromatin dynamics, protein binding, and the fate of DNA damage. There is evidence that N-terminal histone tails affect the local ionic environment within a nucleosome core particle (NCP), but this phenomenon is not well understood. Determining the modulation of the local ionic environment within an NCP by histone tails could help uncover the underlying mechanisms of their functions and effects. Utilizing bottom-up syntheses of NCPs containing wild-type or mutated histones and a fluorescent probe that is sensitive to the local ionic environment, we show that interaction with positively charged N-terminal tails increases the local ionic strength near nucleosomal DNA. The effect is diminished by replacing positively charged residues with neutral ones or deleting a tail in its entirety. Replacing the fluorescent probe with the major DNA methylation product, N7-methyl-2′-deoxyguanosine (MdG), revealed changes in the depurination rate constant varying inversely with local ionic strength. These data indicate that the MdG hydrolysis rates depend on and also inform on local ionic strength in an NCP. Overall, histone tail charge contributes to the complexity of the NCP structure and function by modulating the local ionic strength.