American Chemical Society
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Lithographically Defined Three-Dimensional Graphene Structures

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journal contribution
posted on 2012-04-24, 00:00 authored by Xiaoyin Xiao, Thomas E. Beechem, Michael T. Brumbach, Timothy N. Lambert, Danae J. Davis, Joseph R. Michael, Cody M. Washburn, Joseph Wang, Susan M. Brozik, David R. Wheeler, D. Bruce Burckel, Ronen Polsky
A simple and facile method to fabricate 3D graphene architectures is presented. Pyrolyzed photoresist films (PPF) can easily be patterned into a variety of 2D and 3D structures. We demonstrate how prestructured PPF can be chemically converted into hollow, interconnected 3D multilayered graphene structures having pore sizes around 500 nm. Electrodes formed from these structures exhibit excellent electrochemical properties including high surface area and steady-state mass transport profiles due to a unique combination of 3D pore structure and the intrinsic advantages of electron transport in graphene, which makes this material a promising candidate for microbattery and sensing applications.