American Chemical Society
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Liquid Phase Electro-Epitaxy of Memristive LiNbO2 Crystals

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journal contribution
posted on 2014-05-07, 00:00 authored by Jordan D. Greenlee, Joshua C. Shank, M. Brooks Tellekamp, Brendan P. Gunning, Chloe A. M. Fabien, W. Alan Doolittle
The growth of seeded and self-nucleated LiNbO2 crystals with a simplified chemistry has been demonstrated using a liquid phase electro-epitaxy method at high temperatures (900 °C). X-ray diffraction (XRD) was used to quantify the crystal quality and confirmed that both the seeded and self-nucleated crystals grown were single-orientation; the full width at half-maximum (FWHM) for the symmetric XRD double crystal diffraction scan was 230 arcsec, while the FWHM for the XRD omega rocking curve was 19.2 arcmin and 310 arcsec for self-nucleated and seeded crystals, respectively. The LiNbO2 crystals have undetectable amounts of contamination as determined via X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and secondary ion mass spectrometry. Finally, as-grown LiNbO2 crystals were shown to exhibit a memristive response and could be utilized in future neuromorphic computing architectures.