American Chemical Society
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Liquid Droplet-Mediated Formulation of Lipid Nanoparticles Encapsulating Immunoglobulin G for Cytosolic Delivery

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-01-30, 23:14 authored by Yusuke Hirai, Yoshimasa Kawaguchi, Chisato Kasahara, Hisaaki Hirose, Shiroh Futaki
Antibodies are promising biopharmaceuticals that offer new therapeutic options for diseases. Since antibodies are membrane impermeable, approaches that allow immunoglobulin Gs (IgGs) to access intracellular therapeutic targets would open new horizons in antibody therapies. Lipid nanoparticles (LNPs) are among the classes of vectors that deliver biopharmaceuticals into cells. Using liquid droplets formed by IgG and polyglutamate, we report here a unique approach to forming LNPs containing IgG via liquid droplets formed in the presence of polyglutamic acid (polyE). The addition of polyE promoted the formation of smaller LNPs with cationic lipids than in its absence, and the formed LNPs were much more efficient in cytosolic IgG delivery and targeting of cellular proteins. This approach also allows for the encapsulation of intact IgG without the need for chemical or sequence modification. The intracellularly delivered IgG retained its target binding ability, as demonstrated by labeling of nuclear pore complex and HRas-GFP and inhibition of antiapoptotic cell death by phosphorylated Akt protein in live cells.