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Lipid Metabolism and Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Signaling Pathways Participate in Late-Phase Liver Regeneration

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journal contribution
posted on 04.03.2011, 00:00 by Xing Yuan, Shikai Yan, Jing Zhao, Duo Shi, Bin Yuan, Weixing Dai, Binghua Jiao, Weidong Zhang, Mingyong Miao
Liver regeneration (LR) is of great clinical significance in various liver-associated diseases. LR proceeds along a sequence of three distinct phases: priming/initiation, proliferation, and termination. Compared with the recognition of the first two phases, little is known about LR termination and structure/function reorganization. A combination of “omics” techniques, along with bioinformatics, may provide new insights into the molecular mechanism of the late-phase LR. Gene, protein, and metabolite profiles of the rat liver were determined by cDNA microarray, two-dimensional electrophoresis, and HPLC−MS analysis. Pathway enrichment analysis was performed to identify the pathways: 427 differentially expressed genes extracted from the microarray experiment revealed two expression patterns representing the early and late phase of LR. Functionally, the genes expressing at a higher level at the early phase than at the late phase were mainly involved in the response to stress, proliferation, and resistance to apoptosis, while those expressing at a lower level at the early phase than at the late phase were mainly engaged in lipid metabolism. Compared with the sham-operation control (SH) group, 5 proteins in the 70% partial hepatectomy (70%PHx) group were upregulated at the protein level, and 3 proteins were downregulated at 168 h after the 70%PHx. E-FABP, an upregulated fatty acid binding protein, was found to be involved in the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) signaling pathway. The metabolomic data confirmed the enhancement of lipid metabolism by the detection of the intermediate and final metabolites. We've concluded that increased lipid metabolism and activated PPAR signaling pathways play important roles in late-phase LR.