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Lindenane Disesquiterpenoids with Anti-HIV-1 Activity from Chloranthus japonicus

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journal contribution
posted on 24.06.2011, 00:00 by Ping-Lei Fang, Ying-Li Cao, Huan Yan, Li-Li Pan, Shu-Cong Liu, Ning-Bo Gong, Yang Lü, Chang-Xiang Chen, Hui-Min Zhong, Ying Guo, Hai-Yang Liu
Five new lindenane disesquiterpenoids, chlorajaponilides A–E (15), together with 11 known analogues were isolated from whole plants of Chloranthus japonicus. The structure and absolute configuration of 1 was confirmed by X-ray crystallography. Compounds 1 and 2 represent the first examples of lindenane disesquiterpenoids with a C-5 hydroxy group and a C-4–C-15 double bond. Compounds 8, 9, 11, and 12 showed anti-HIV-1 replication activities in both wild-type HIV-1 and two NNRTIs-resistant strains. Shizukaol B (8) exhibited the best activity against HIVwt, HIVRT-K103N, and HIVRT-K103N with EC50 values of 0.22, 0.47, and 0.50 μM, respectively. Compounds 8, 9, 11, and 12 had significant cytotoxicities against C8166 cells with CC50 values of 0.020, 0.089, 0.047, and 0.022, respectively, and exhibited inhibitory activities against HIV-1 with EC50 values of 0.0014, 0.016, 0.0043, and 0.0033 μM, respectively.

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