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Limitations of Trifluoromethylbenzoimidazolylbenzoic Acid as a Chiral Derivatizing Agent to Assign Absolute Configuration for β‑Chiral Aminoalcohols

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journal contribution
posted on 04.04.2022, 23:36 authored by Michal Kriegelstein, David Profous, Adam Přibylka, Antonín Lyčka, Petr Cankař
Axially chiral 2-(2-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-benzo­[d]­imidazole-1-yl)­benzoic acid (TBBA) was used as a chiral derivatizing agent to evaluate the limits of absolute configuration assignment for β-chiral aminoalcohols. Seven Boc-aminoalcohols and eight variously N-substituted (S)-phenylglycinols were prepared, and their TBBA esters were analyzed by NMR spectroscopy. Diverse substitution at the β-position was employed to demonstrate the effect of structure on the general conformational model and reliability of the absolute configuration assignment. It was concluded that hydrogen bond formation and steric hindrance were the main factors affecting the correct assignment for Boc-aminoalcohols.