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Light-Trapping SERS Substrate with Regular Bioinspired Arrays for Detecting Trace Dyes

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journal contribution
posted on 24.02.2021, 16:36 by Xuan Jin, Qunyan Zhu, Lei Feng, Xin Li, Haiyan Zhu, Hongyan Miao, Zhoufang Zeng, Yandong Wang, Ying Li, Likui Wang, Xuefeng Liu, Gang Shi
Recently, few studies have focused on the light-trapping surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrate combined with Si micropyramids and Ag (or Au). However, the Si micropyramids possess no ordered period, which not only affects the repeatability of the SERS signal but also affects the theoretical exploration. Here, the ordered micropyramids with strong light-trapping capability were fabricated by utilizing unconventional nanosphere lithography and anisotropy wet etching technique. Then, the Ag nanobowls were assembled on the ordered micropyramids to form the SERS substrate with bioinspired compound-eyes structure by utilizing the liquid–solid interface self-assembly and transfer technique. Especially, the evidence for the contribution of antireflective Si micropyramids to Raman enhancement was first presented. For this bioinspired SERS substrate, the lowest concentration of R6G that can be detected is 10–13 M with the level of a single molecule, and the relative standard deviation (RSD) is 3.68%. Meanwhile, the quantitative analysis and qualitative analysis can be realized. Especially, simultaneous trace detection of four common dyes (R6G, CV, MG, and MB) in food can be realized, suggesting that this SERS substrate will have a good application prospect in the field of optical sensors.