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Ligand Structural Effects on Cu2S2 Bonding and Reactivity in Side-On Disulfido-Bridged Dicopper Complexes

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journal contribution
posted on 22.01.2007, 00:00 authored by Eric C. Brown, Itsik Bar-Nahum, John T. York, Nermeen W. Aboelella, William B. Tolman
To assess supporting ligand effects on S−S bond activation, a series of [Cu2(μ-η22-S2)]2+ complexes supported by various β-diketiminate or anilido-imine ligands (L) were synthesized via the reaction of Cu(I) precursors LCu(CH3CN) with S8. For the cases where L = β-diketiminate, the syntheses were complicated by formation of clusters [Cu(SR)]4, where SR represents the ligand functionalized by sulfur at the central methine position. The [Cu2(μ-η22-S2)]2+ products were characterized by X-ray crystallography and electronic absorption and resonance Raman spectroscopy. Correlations among the Cu−S, Cu−Cu, and S−S distances and the ν(S−S) values were observed and interpreted within the framework of a previously described bonding picture (Chen, P.; Fujisawa, K.; Helton, M. E.; Karlin, K. D.; Solomon, E. I. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 6394). Comparison of these data to those for other relevant species revealed a remarkable degree of S−S bond activation in the compounds supported by the β-diketiminate and anilido-imine ligands, which through strong electron donation increase backbonding from the copper ions into the S−S σ* orbital and cause S−S bond weakening. Reactions of one of the complexes supported by an anilido-imine ligand with PPh3 and xylyl isocyanide were explored, revealing facile transfer of sulfur to PPh3 but only displacement of sulfur to yield a LCu(I)−CNAr (Ar = xylyl) complex with the isocyanide.