Ligand-Stabilized Reduced-Dimensionality Perovskites
journal contributionposted on 03.02.2016, 00:00 by Li Na Quan, Mingjian Yuan, Riccardo Comin, Oleksandr Voznyy, Eric M. Beauregard, Sjoerd Hoogland, Andrei Buin, Ahmad R. Kirmani, Kui Zhao, Aram Amassian, Dong Ha Kim, Edward H. Sargent
Metal halide perovskites have rapidly advanced thin-film photovoltaic performance; as a result, the materials’ observed instabilities urgently require a solution. Using density functional theory (DFT), we show that a low energy of formation, exacerbated in the presence of humidity, explains the propensity of perovskites to decompose back into their precursors. We find, also using DFT, that intercalation of phenylethylammonium between perovskite layers introduces quantitatively appreciable van der Waals interactions. These drive an increased formation energy and should therefore improve material stability. Here we report reduced-dimensionality (quasi-2D) perovskite films that exhibit improved stability while retaining the high performance of conventional three-dimensional perovskites. Continuous tuning of the dimensionality, as assessed using photophysical studies, is achieved by the choice of stoichiometry in materials synthesis. We achieve the first certified hysteresis-free solar power conversion in a planar perovskite solar cell, obtaining a 15.3% certified PCE, and observe greatly improved performance longevity.