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Ligand 5,10,15,20-Tetra(N-methyl-4-pyridyl)porphine (TMPyP4) Prefers the Parallel Propeller-Type Human Telomeric G‑Quadruplex DNA over Its Other Polymorphs

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journal contribution
posted on 08.01.2015, 00:00 by Asfa Ali, Manju Bansal, Santanu Bhattacharya
The binding of ligand 5,10,15,20-tetra­(N-methyl-4-pyridyl)­porphine (TMPyP4) with telomeric and genomic G-quadruplex DNA has been extensively studied. However, a comparative study of interactions of TMPyP4 with different conformations of human telomeric G-quadruplex DNA, namely, parallel propeller-type (PP), antiparallel basket-type (AB), and mixed hybrid-type (MH) G-quadruplex DNA, has not been done. We considered all the possible binding sites in each of the G-quadruplex DNA structures and docked TMPyP4 to each one of them. The resultant most potent sites for binding were analyzed from the mean binding free energy of the complexes. Molecular dynamics simulations were then carried out, and analysis of the binding free energy of the TMPyP4–G-quadruplex complex showed that the binding of TMPyP4 with parallel propeller-type G-quadruplex DNA is preferred over the other two G-quadruplex DNA conformations. The results obtained from the change in solvent excluded surface area (SESA) and solvent accessible surface area (SASA) also support the more pronounced binding of the ligand with the parallel propeller-type G-quadruplex DNA.