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Lewis Acid-Mediated Reactions of 1-Cyclopropyl-2-arylethanone Derivatives with Allenic Ester, Ethyl Acetoacetate, and Methyl Acrylate

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journal contribution
posted on 18.07.2008, 00:00 by Min Shi, Xiang-Ying Tang, Yong-Hua Yang
TMSOTf-mediated reactions of 2-aryl-1-(1-phenylcyclopropyl)ethanones 1 with allenic esters afford a novel method for the synthesis of 6-methyl-3a,7-diaryl-3,3a-dihydro-2H-benzofuran-4-one derivatives 2 in moderate yields. In addition, we also found that TMSOTf-mediated reactions of 1-cyclopropyl-2-arylethanones with ethyl acetoacetate can provide the corresponding 2,3-dihydrobenzofuran-4-ol and dihydrofuro[2,3-h]chromen-2-one in moderate yields via a sequential reaction involving a nucleophilic ring-opening reaction of the cyclopropane by H2O, one intermolecular aldol type reaction and two intramolecular aldol type reactions, a cyclic transesterification, dehydration, and aromatization. Moreover, by using methyl acrylate to replace allenic ester, the corresponding 7-aryl-3,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-benzofuran-4-one and 5-aryl-3,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-benzofuran-4-one can be formed in moderate to high yields in the presence of Bi(OTf)2Cl. Plausible reaction mechanisms have also been provided on the basis of control experiments.