Lewis Acid Catalysis in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide. Use of Poly(ethylene glycol) Derivatives and Perfluoroalkylbenzenes as Surfactant Molecules Which Enable Efficient Catalysis in ScCO2
journal contributionposted on 06.02.2004, 00:00 by Ichiro Komoto, Shū Kobayashi
Lewis acid catalysis in supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2) was investigated. While solubility of most organic materials is low in scCO2, poly(ethylene glycol) derivatives or perfluoroalkylbenzenes were found to work as surfactants to dissolve organic materials in scCO2. In the presence of these molecules, Lewis acid catalyzed organic reactions such as aldol-, Mannich-, and Friedel−Crafts-type reactions proceeded smoothly in scCO2. Formation of emulsions was observed in these reactions, and the systems were studied in detail.