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Lead Bismuth Oxyhalides PbBiO2X (X = Cl, Br) as Visible-Light-Responsive Photocatalysts for Water Oxidation: Role of Lone-Pair Electrons in Valence Band Engineering

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posted on 2018-08-10, 00:00 authored by Hajime Suzuki, Hironobu Kunioku, Masanobu Higashi, Osamu Tomita, Daichi Kato, Hiroshi Kageyama, Ryu Abe
We show that layered oxyhalides PbBiO2X (X = Cl, Br, I) with a Sillén-type structure possess band levels appropriate for visible-light-induced water splitting. Under visible light, PbBiO2Cl and PbBiO2Br with band gap (BG) of 2.51 and 2.48 eV, respectively, stably oxidized water to O2 in the presence of an Fe3+ electron acceptor. A comparison with structurally related SrBiO2Cl and BaBiO2Cl (BG = 3.55 and 3.54 eV) combined with DFT calculations revealed a significant interaction between O 2p and Pb 6s orbitals leading to the upward shift of the valence band maximum in PbBiO2X as compared with (Sr,Ba)­BiO2Cl. Z-scheme water splitting into H2 and O2 has been demonstrated using PbBiO2Cl as an O2-evolving photocatalyst, coupled with an appropriate H2-evolving photocatalyst in the presence of an Fe3+/Fe2+ redox mediator.

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