American Chemical Society
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Lead-Free Flexible Perovskite Solar Cells with Interfacial Native Oxide Have >10% Efficiency and Simultaneously Enhanced Stability and Reliability

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-06-08, 16:34 authored by Min Chen, Qingshun Dong, Chuanxiao Xiao, Xiaopeng Zheng, Zhenghong Dai, Yantao Shi, Joseph M. Luther, Nitin P. Padture
Here we demonstrate an innovative compositional and interfacial engineering approach to achieve Pb-free flexible perovskite solar cells (f-PSCs) with an unprecedented combination of the highest efficiency reported to date (10.43%), together with enhanced operational stability and mechanical reliability. The key to this approach is alloying of an FASnI3 metal halide perovskite (MHP) thin film with Ge2+ to stabilize the Sn2+ oxidation state in the MHP, together with the use of a NiOx hole-transport layer. We show that this results in the in situ formation of a thin amorphous GeO2 native oxide layer at the NiOx/FASn0.9Ge0.1I3 interface. This layer not only passivates that critical interface but also enhances the interfacial mechanical bonding.