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Lead-Free BiFeO3‑BaTiO3 Ceramics with High Curie Temperature: Fine Compositional Tuning across the Phase Boundary for High Piezoelectric Charge and Strain Coefficients

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journal contribution
posted on 13.01.2021, 02:13 by Bowei Xun, Aizhen Song, Jingru Yu, Yang Yin, Jing-Feng Li, Bo-Ping Zhang
BiFeO3-BaTiO3 is a promising high-temperature piezoelectric ceramic that possesses both good electromechanical properties and a Curie temperature (TC). Here, the piezoelectric charge constants (d33) and strain coefficients (d*33) of (1 – x)­BiFeO3-xBaTiO3 (BF-xBT; 0.20 ≤ x ≤ 0.50) lead-free piezoelectrics were investigated at room temperature. The results showed a maximum d33 of 225 pC/N in the BF-0.30BT ceramic and a maximum d*33 of 405 pm/V in the BF-0.35BT ceramic, with TCs of 503 and 415 °C, respectively. To better understand the performance enhancement mechanisms, a phase diagram was established using the results of XRD, piezoresponse force microscopy, TEM, and electrical property measurements. The superb d33 of the BF-0.30BT ceramic arose because of its location in the optimum point in the morphotropic phase boundary, low oxygen vacancy (VO··) concentration, and domain heterogeneity. The superior d*33 of the BF-0.35BT ceramic was attributed to a weak relaxor behavior between coexisting macrodomains and polar nanoregions. The presented strategy provides guidelines for designing high-temperature BF-BT ceramics for different applications.