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Layered Perovskite (CH3NH3)2Pb(SCN)2I2 Single Crystals: Phase Transition and Moisture Stability

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journal contribution
posted on 2020-08-10, 17:05 authored by Yangyang Dang, Guokui Liu, Jiewu Song, Lingqiang Meng, Yajing Sun, Wenping Hu, Xutang Tao
To study stability issues of three-dimensional perovskites, there is a strategy to introduce the thiocyanate ion (SCN) into CH3NH3PbI3 (MAPbI3) to solve these problems. Here, we report the bulk growth of layered perovskite MA2Pb­(SCN)2I2 single crystals by different growth methods in an ambient atmosphere. We also investigate the structural determination and refinements, band gap, and photoluminescence of MA2Pb­(SCN)2I2 single crystals. More importantly, the phase transition and stability of MA2Pb­(SCN)2I2 are systematically demonstrated. MA2Pb­(SCN)2I2 undergo the reversible single-crystal to single-crystal phase transition in the orthorhombic systems from the space group Pmmn (no. 59) to the space group Pmn21 (no. 31) at low temperature. Moreover, the temperature-dependent recovery behaviors of MA2Pb­(SCN)2I2 single crystals, powders, and thin films at high temperature are studied in detail. Besides, the moisture stability of MA2Pb­(SCN)2I2 is described when exposed to moisture condition by the experiment and theoretical calculations. It would be interesting to not only conduct a comprehensive study on the crystal structures and the phase transition processes of layered perovskites but also provide guidance for further optoelectronic applications of these perovskite materials.