American Chemical Society
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Layer-by-Layer Assembly of Amine-Reactive Multilayers Using an Azlactone-Functionalized Polymer and Small-Molecule Diamine Linkers

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journal contribution
posted on 2017-03-23, 00:00 authored by Yashira M. Zayas-Gonzalez, Benjamín J. Ortiz, David M. Lynn
We report the reactive layer-by-layer assembly of amine-reactive polymer multilayers using an azlactone-functionalized polymer and small-molecule diamine linkers. This approach yields cross-linked polymer/linker-type films that can be further functionalized, after fabrication, by treatment with functional primary amines, and provides opportunities to incorporate other useful functionality that can be difficult to introduce using other polyamine building blocks. Films fabricated using poly­(2-vinyl-4,4-dimethylazlactone) (PVDMA) and three model nondegradable aliphatic diamine linkers yielded reactive thin films that were stable upon incubation in physiologically relevant media. By contrast, films fabricated using PVDMA and varying amounts of the model disulfide-containing diamine linker cystamine were stable in normal physiological media, but were unstable and eroded rapidly upon exposure to chemical reducing agents. We demonstrate that this approach can be used to fabricate functionalized polymer microcapsules that degrade in reducing environments, and that rates of erosion, extents of capsule swelling, and capsule degradation can be tuned by control over the relative concentration of cystamine linker used during fabrication. The polymer/linker approach used here expands the range of properties and functions that can be designed into reactive PVDMA-based coatings, including functionality that can degrade, erode, and undergo triggered destruction in aqueous environments. We therefore anticipate that these approaches will be useful for the functionalization, patterning, and customization of coatings, membranes, capsules, and interfaces of potential utility in biotechnical or biomedical contexts and other areas where degradation and transience are desired. The proof of concept strategies reported here are likely to be general, and should prove useful for the design of amine-reactive coatings containing other functional structures by judicious control of the structures of the linkers used during assembly.