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Laser Emission from Self-Assembled Colloidal Crystals of Conjugated Polymer Particles in a Metal-Halide Perovskite Matrix

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journal contribution
posted on 08.03.2019, 00:00 by Annabel Mikosch, Sibel Ciftci, Gregory Tainter, Ravichandran Shivanna, Bastian Haehnle, Felix Deschler, Alexander J. C. Kuehne
Here, we present a hybrid organic/inorganic photonic composite, which generates laser emission from the organic material after pumping the inorganic component. The composite consists of a methylammonium lead-halide perovskite matrix CH3NH3Pb­(BrxCl(1–x))3 and monodisperse poly­(fluorene-co-divinylbenzene) particles, which have excellent optical feedback and gain. Micrometer-sized conjugated polymer particles (CPPs) are deposited together with the perovskite precursor from solution using a single-step vertical deposition method. The particles self-assemble into a photonic crystal and the perovskite forms an inorganic matrix in the interstitial space. Energy transfer to the polymer particles after optically pumping the metal-halide perovskite is studied in two systems with different halide ratios in the perovskite (Br to Cl: 1/9 and 4/6) to control the overlap of the perovskite emission energy with the absorption of the particles. From time-resolved photoluminescence experiments, we observe nonradiative energy transfer from the perovskite to the particle in both coassemblies; however, increased spectral overlap of perovskite emission and particle absorption enhances energy transfer efficiency by 37%. Because of the ordered assembly of the CPPs, we observe laser emission after energy transfer from the Cl-rich perovskite matrix at fluences of 13 mJ/cm2. Our report of a hybrid material system that combines the excellent opto-electronic properties of metal-halide perovskites with the outstanding optical properties of conjugated polymers represents a new approach and progress in the pursuit of electrically pumped polymer lasers.