Large-Scale Fabrication of Periodic Nanostructured Materials by Using Hexagonal Non-Close-Packed Colloidal Crystals as Templates
journal contributionposted on 25.04.2006, 00:00 by Peng Jiang
This letter reports a versatile nonlithographic technique for mass fabricating three types of technologically important materialspolymer microwell arrays, 2D-ordered magnetic nanodots, and semiconductor nanopillar arrays, each with high crystalline qualities and wafer-scale sizes. Spin-coated hexagonal non-close-packed silica colloidal crystals embedded in a polymer matrix are used as starting templates to create 2D polymeric microwell arrays. These through-hole arrays can then be used as second-generation templates to make periodic magnetic nanodots and semiconductor nanopillars. This self-assembly approach is compatible with standard semiconductor microfabrication, and complex micropatterns can be created for potential device applications. The wafer-scale technique may find important applications in biomicroanalysis, high-density magnetic recording media, and microphotonics.