American Chemical Society
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Lanthanum Aluminum Oxide Thin-Film Dielectrics from Aqueous Solution

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journal contribution
posted on 2015-01-28, 00:00 authored by Paul N. Plassmeyer, Kevin Archila, John F. Wager, Catherine J. Page
Amorphous LaAlO3 dielectric thin films were fabricated via solution processing from inorganic nitrate precursors. Precursor solutions contained soluble oligomeric metal-hydroxyl and/or -oxo species as evidenced by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and Raman spectroscopy. Thin-film formation was characterized as a function of annealing temperature using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray reflectivity (XRR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and an array of electrical measurements. Annealing temperatures ≥500 °C result in thin films with low leakage-current densities (∼1 × 10–8 A·cm–2) and dielectric constants ranging from 11.0 to 11.5. When incorporated as the gate dielectric layer in a-IGZO thin-film transistors (TFTs), LaAlO3 thin films annealed at 600 °C in air yielded TFTs with relatively low average mobilities (∼4.5 cm2·V–1·s–1) and high turn-on voltages (∼26 V). Interestingly, reannealing the LaAlO3 in 5%H2/95%N2 at 300 °C before deposition of a-IGZO channel layers resulted in TFTs with increased average mobilities (11.1 cm2·V–1·s–1) and lower turn-on voltages (∼6 V).