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Lanthanide-Based Nanocomposites for Photothermal Therapy under Near-Infrared Laser: Relationship between Light and Heat, Biostability, and Reaction Temperature

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journal contribution
posted on 30.03.2020, 23:43 by Xue Jiang, Yanxing Wang, Danyang Xu, Bi Lin, Fan Yang, Ruichan Lv
In this research, typical organic/inorganic photothermal therapy (PTT) agents were designed with a combination of upconversion luminescent (UCL) or near-infrared (NIR) II imaging rare-earth nanomaterials for photo-acoustic (PA)/UCL/NIR II imaging-guided PTT under NIR laser irradiation. The results show the following: (1) The PTT effect mainly comes from NIR absorption and partly from UCL light conversion. (2) Visible UCL emission is mainly quenched by NIR absorption of the coated PTT agent and partly quenched by visible absorption, indicating that excitation may play a more important role than in the UCL emission process. (3) The biostability of the composite might be decided by the synthesis reaction temperature. Among the five inorganic/organic nanocomposites, UCNP@MnO2 is the most suitable candidate for cancer diagnosis and treatment because of its stimuli-response ability to the micro-acid environment of tumor cells and highest biostability. The composites generate heat for PTT after entering the tumor cells, and then, the visible light emission gradually regains as MnO2 is reduced to colorless Mn2+ ions, thereby illuminating the cancer cells after the therapy.