Label-Free Resistance Cytometry at the Orifice of a Nanopipette
journal contributionposted on 27.01.2021, 16:03 by Tienan Gao, Xiangyi Gao, Cong Xu, Menglin Wang, Mingli Chen, Jianhua Wang, Furong Ma, Ping Yu, Lanqun Mao
Development of new principles and techniques at the single-cell level is significantly important since cells as basic units of living organisms always bear large heterogeneity. Herein, we demonstrate a new electrochemical principle for single-cell analysis based on an ion current blockage at the orifice of a nanopipette, defined as resistance cytometry. The amplitude and the frequency of ion current transients show strong dependence on the size and the concentration of cells, which could be used for in situ cell sizing and counting. This technique shows good ability to detect the size change of RBCs under stimulations of different pH and osmotic pressure values. More importantly, the as-presented resistance cytometry can distinguish lymphoma blood cells from normal blood cells for patient blood samples. The as-presented resistance cytometry is label-free, non-invasive, and non-destructive, which not only opens new opportunities for single-cell analysis but also provides a new platform for cell-related medical diagnostic technologies.