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Lab-on-Fiber Technology: Toward Multifunctional Optical Nanoprobes

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journal contribution
posted on 24.04.2012, 00:00 by Marco Consales, Armando Ricciardi, Alessio Crescitelli, Emanuela Esposito, Antonello Cutolo, Andrea Cusano
We propose a reliable fabrication process enabling the integration of dielectric and metallic nanostructures on the tip of optical fibers, thus representing a further step in the “lab-on-fiber” technology roadmap. The proposed fabrication procedure involves conventional deposition and nanopatterning techniques, typically used for planar devices, but here adapted to directly operate on optical fiber tip. Following this approach, we demonstrate a first technological platform based on the integration onto the optical fiber tip of two-dimensional hybrid metallo-dielectric nanostructures supporting localized surface plasmon resonances. By means of experimental measurements and full-wave numerical simulations, we characterize these resonant phenomena and investigate the underlying physics. We show that resonances can be easily tuned by acting on the physical and geometrical parameters of the structure. Moreover, with a view toward possible applications, we present some preliminary results demonstrating how the proposed device can work effectively as an optical probe for label-free chemical and biological sensing as well as a microphone for acoustic wave detection.