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Kinetics of the Methyl–Vinyl Radical + O2 Reactions Associated with Propene Oxidation

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journal contribution
posted on 04.01.2019, 00:00 by Satya P. Joshi, Timo T. Pekkanen, Raimo S. Timonen, György Lendvay, Arkke J. Eskola
The bimolecular rate coefficients of reactions CH3CCH2 + O2 (1) and cis/trans-CH3CHCH + O2 (2a/3a) have been measured using a tubular laminar flow reactor coupled with a photoionization mass spectrometer (PIMS). These reactions are relevant in the combustion of propene. Pulsed excimer laser photolysis of a ketone or a bromide precursor molecule at 193 or 248 nm wavelength was used to produce radicals of interest homogeneously along the reactor. Time-resolved experiments were performed under pseudo-first-order conditions at low pressure (0.3–1.5 Torr) over the temperature range 220–660 K. The measured bimolecular rate coefficients were found to be independent of bath gas concentration. The bimolecular rate coefficients possess negative temperature dependence at low temperatures (T < 420 K) and appear to be independent of temperature at high temperatures (T > 420 K). Observed products of the reaction CH3CCH2 + O2 were CH3 and H2CO, while for the reaction cis/trans-CH3CHCH + O2, observed products were CH3CHO and HCO. Current results indicate that the reaction mechanism of both reactions is analogous to that of C2H3 + O2. Methyl substitution of the vinyl radical changes its reactivity toward O2 upward by ca. 50% if it involves the α-position and downward by ca. 30% if the methyl group takes either of the β-positions, respectively.