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Kinetics and Equilibria of Cis/Trans Isomerization of Backbone Amide Bonds in Peptoids

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journal contribution
posted on 03.10.2007, 00:00 by Qiang Sui, Dan Borchardt, Dallas L. Rabenstein
The biological activities of N-substituted glycine oligomers (peptoids) have been the subject of extensive research. As compared to peptides, both the cis and trans conformations of the backbone amide bonds of peptoids can be significantly populated. Thus, peptoids are mixtures of configurational isomers, with the number of isomers increasing by a factor of 2 with each additional monomer residue. Here we report the results of a study of the kinetics and equilibria of cis/trans isomerization of the amide bonds of N-acetylated peptoid monomers, dipeptoids, and tripeptoids by NMR spectroscopy. Resonance intensities indicate the cis conformation of the backbone amide bonds of the peptoids studied is more populated than is generally the case for the analogous secondary amide bond to proline residues in acyclic peptides. Rate constants were measured by inversion−magnetization transfer techniques over a range of temperatures, and activation parameters were derived from the temperature dependence of the rate constants. The rate of cis/trans isomerization by rotation around the amide bonds in the peptoids studied is generally slower than that around amide bonds to proline residues and takes place on the NMR inversion−magnetization transfer time scale only by rotation around the amide bond to the C-terminal peptoid residue.