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Kinetic Analysis of Unimolecular Reactions Following the Addition of the Hydroxyl Radical to 1,1,2-Trifluoroethene

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journal contribution
posted on 11.06.2021, 06:29 by Suarwee Snitsiriwat, Suriyakit Yommee, Joseph W. Bozzelli
Fluorinated olefins are valued chemicals in industry, especially as heat transfer fluids in refrigeration applications. As these volatile compounds are widely used, they may be released into the atmosphere, and investigation of their reactions in the atmosphere are therefore of importance. The kinetic analysis of the reaction mechanisms of trifluoroethene (CF2CHF) with hydroxyl radicals is studied using computational chemistry at the M06-2X level with the 6-311++G­(2d,d,p) and aug-cc-pVDZ basis sets as well as the composite CBS-QB3 method. Rate coefficients for the proposed mechanisms are calculated using transition state theory (TST) with tunneling corrections. The calculated rate constants for OH addition to CF2CHF are in excellent agreement with experimental values. Kinetic parameters as a function of temperature and pressure are evaluated for the chemically activated formation and unimolecular dissociation of hydroxylfluoroalkyl intermediates. Important forward reactions result in adduct stabilization, H atoms, hydrogen fluoride (HF) via molecular elimination, and formation of fluorinated carbonyl radicals with CF2(O) and CHF­(O) product channels. Stabilization of initial adducts along with HF elimination are important reaction pathways under high pressure and low temperatures. Important HF eliminations and H atom transfers primarily involve H atoms from the hydroxyl group, as the C–H bonds on or adjacent to carbons with F atoms are stronger and show high barriers to H atom transfer.